IMPLAN Economic Analysis:
Two New Natural Gas Synthesis Manufacturing Plants
In Northeast Pennsylvania
Background and Executive Summary
Pennsylvania’s energy opportunity continues to drive innovation and revitalize economies in the areas of the commonwealth that often need it the most. In Beaver County, Pennsylvania, the largest construction site in North America is underway, supporting 6,500 construction jobs and the manufacturing plant being built will sustain more than 600 manufacturing jobs. But the ethylene that will be produced from that plant will allow for the clustering of manufacturing industries that rely on that feedstock to produce finished goods. Plastics, rubber goods, coatings, liquid metals, sanitary products, and many life science commodities find their foundational footprint in ethylene. Surely, western Pennsylvania will be a manufacturing hub for generations to come because of the natural gas play, and the resulting manufacturing activity will be because of the availability of natural gas and natural gas liquids.
This same opportunity exists in a slightly different form in northeast Pennsylvania. The possibility of one natural gas synthesis plant locating in northeast Pennsylvania would be a major economic driver, but the fact that there are two projects being explored in different counties would be transformative to the commonwealth’s economy. In this part of the Marcellus formation, the gas is “dry,” meaning it’s almost exclusively methane. Methane is used in natural gas synthesis manufacturing plants to create hydrogen and nitrogen in the form of ammonia and urea; two essential products in modern manufacturing. These products would be produced in the Clinton County facility. Ammonia in a gas or liquid form is used by industry for petrochemicals, life sciences, and fertilizer in the agricultural industry. Urea is processed into fertilizer and used to manufacture diesel exhaust fluid; a necessary product to reduce NOx emissions. In Luzerne County, the natural gas synthesis plant will produce methanol. Methanol is used in antifreeze, solvent, fuel, as a denaturant for ethanol, and as a feedstock for biodiesel. This category in NAICS code is referred to as, “other basic organic chemical manufacturing.”
While the goods produced by the natural gas synthesis manufacturing plants are manufactured goods themselves, they are the feedstock for many other manufacturing processes and thus, the multiplier effect of these facilities is immense. As the Manufacturing Institute, the education and workforce arm of the National Association of Manufacturers, reported,
The backward linkage (or multiplier effect) shows how much additional output is generated by a dollar’s worth of final demand for each industry. Every dollar in final sales of manufactured products supports $1.33 in output from other sectors—this is the largest multiplier of any sector. Manufacturing plants, therefore, have a powerful and positive impact on economic development.
Quantifying the economic opportunity is difficult due to the lack of historical data, because this industry does not currently exist in Pennsylvania or in the greater northeastern United States. It’s only because of the recent discovery and extraction of natural gas in the region that this type of industrial activity is even possible.
This study focuses on two parts: the construction of the natural gas synthesis manufacturing facility, and the new, permanent jobs in the nitrogenous fertilizer manufacturing, the organic chemical manufacturing, and the natural gas extraction and well maintenance needed to sustain the manufacturing operations in the two plant locations.
To build a facility of this magnitude, the upfront capital investment is just shy of $500 million for each plant. To construct one facility, it would take a minimum of 30 months and require 800 construction jobs throughout the construction process. Once complete, there would be approximately 125 nitrogenous fertilizer manufacturing jobs and 25 natural gas drilling and well maintenance jobs that would be permanent new, full-time employment in Clinton County and the same in Luzerne County, but with 125 “other basic organics chemical manufacturing.”
Based on the findings in this report, the direct, indirect, and induced jobs created by the construction jobs totals 2,229. This represents $301.7 million in labor income, $409.6 million in value added, and $734 million in total economic output over the thirty months of construction completion.
The direct, indirect, and induced jobs created by the sustained manufacturing activity accounts for 1,017 jobs, and $119.1 million in labor income, $185.7 million in value added, spurring $524.5 million in total economic output, per year, not accounting for natural inflation.
Please note, these numbers could be even larger as large industries will surely cluster around the affordable and readily available feedstock for various manufacturing processes. Also note, this study was prepared using information publicly available at the time of completion. Business plans constantly change and the inputs and outputs from these models could be less or more than anticipated in an ever-changing economy.
Overall, these projects would be transformative to northeast Pennsylvania and the commonwealth as a whole. Entire economies are centered around this type of economic activity and will sustain regions for generations to come. Attracting and retaining natural gas synthesis manufacturing ought to be a priority of policymakers at the state and federal level to ensure this prosperity occurs in our commonwealth as opposed to a competitor state.